Normally the heart valves (aortic, mitral, tricuspid & pulmonary) make sure that the blood flows properly in a streamlined manner.
A diseased valve, either narrow or leaking, makes the blood flow improperly which effects the proper circulation of blood.
As a consequence the blood gets jammed into the lungs or the rest of the body, resulting in breathlessness and swelling of the rest of the body.
Valve Surgery and How It Works?
Valves consist of thin curtain like flaps known as leaflets or cusps.
Opening and the closing of the valve leaflets during each heartbeat makes the blood to flow in series and in a systematic way.
In disease, the leaflets narrow down or become leaky and they prevent the smooth flow of blood from one chamber to another. This causes the blood to accumulate in the lungs or in a chamber of the heart. This makes the patient feel breathless or develop swelling in the area where blood flow accumulates.
In valvular surgery, the surgeon replaces or repairs the severely affected valve(s). There are different types of rings or artificial valves used.
Several treatment options for valve surgery are available. This depends on the patients age, gender, valve disease and the current health condition of the patient.
Before the procedure start the doctor will explain the necessary information.
Anti coagulant medication and dietary precautions to be followed after the operation can be discussed with the surgeon.
During your first consultation, bring along all medical prescriptions and previous investigations with you.
The Heart Lung & Vascular Clinic has provided various options for valve surgery in Delhi/NCR for the Europeans, Asians & Africans.